Maven – The system is out of resources – java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: PermGen space

5 years ago by in Error, Maven Tagged: , , ,

Error

Maven failed to build the project (or a list of projects) due to lack of resources problem as shown below.

[ERROR] Failed to execute goal org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-compiler-plugin:2.3.2:testCompile (default-testCompile) on project com.javacreed.examples.maven.error: Compilation failure
[ERROR] Failure executing javac, but could not parse the error:
[ERROR]
[ERROR]
[ERROR] The system is out of resources.
[ERROR] Consult the following stack trace for details.
[ERROR] java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: PermGen space
[ERROR] at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass1(Native Method)
[ERROR] at java.lang.ClassLoader.defineClass(ClassLoader.java:791)
[ERROR] at java.security.SecureClassLoader.defineClass(SecureClassLoader.java:142)
[ERROR] at java.net.URLClassLoader.defineClass(URLClassLoader.java:449)
[ERROR] at java.net.URLClassLoader.access$100(URLClassLoader.java:71)
[ERROR] at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(URLClassLoader.java:361)
[ERROR] at java.net.URLClassLoader$1.run(URLClassLoader.java:355)
[ERROR] at java.security.AccessController.doPrivileged(Native Method)
[ERROR] at java.net.URLClassLoader.findClass(URLClassLoader.java:354)
[ERROR] at org.codehaus.plexus.compiler.javac.IsolatedClassLoader.loadClass(IsolatedClassLoader.java:56)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.comp.MemberEnter.(MemberEnter.java:95)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.comp.MemberEnter.instance(MemberEnter.java:85)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.comp.Enter.(Enter.java:126)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.comp.Enter.instance(Enter.java:114)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.comp.Check.(Check.java:96)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.comp.Check.instance(Check.java:86)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.code.Types.(Types.java:101)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.code.Types.instance(Types.java:88)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.jvm.ClassReader.(ClassReader.java:264)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.jvm.ClassReader.instance(ClassReader.java:226)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.main.JavaCompiler.(JavaCompiler.java:331)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.main.JavaCompiler.instance(JavaCompiler.java:88)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.main.Main.compile(Main.java:424)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.main.Main.compile(Main.java:353)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.main.Main.compile(Main.java:342)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.main.Main.compile(Main.java:333)
[ERROR] at com.sun.tools.javac.Main.compile(Main.java:94)
[ERROR] at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
[ERROR] at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:57)
[ERROR] at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
[ERROR] at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:601)
[ERROR] at org.codehaus.plexus.compiler.javac.JavacCompiler.compileInProcess(JavacCompiler.java:554)
[ERROR] -> [Help 1]
[ERROR]
[ERROR] To see the full stack trace of the errors, re-run Maven with the -e switch.
[ERROR] Re-run Maven using the -X switch to enable full debug logging.
[ERROR]
[ERROR] For more information about the errors and possible solutions, please read the following articles:
[ERROR] [Help 1] http://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/display/MAVEN/MojoFailureException

Solution

We need to increase the MaxPermSize (Documentation) to make sure that Maven has enough memory to compile all projects. Here is an article about Permanent Generation should you like to read more about this topic.

This can be achieved by setting the operating system environment variable MAVEN_OPTS and include the MaxPermSize setting as shown below.

MAVEN_OPTS

MAVEN_OPTS

MAVEN_OPTS 
-XX:MaxPermSize=128m

If you have a command prompt open, then you need to close it as the newly added environment variables will not be available. In order to make sure that the setting has effect, execute the following command to print the value of the environment variable.

C:\Users\Albert\javacreed >echo %MAVEN_OPTS%
-XX:MaxPermSize=128m

The echo command should print the value set to the MAVEN_OPTS environment variable.

Albert Attard

Albert Attard is a Java passionate and technical lead at a research group. You can find him on . Over the past years Albert worked on various Java projects including traditional server/client applications, modular applications, large data handling applications and concurrent data manipulation applications to name a few. He has a BSc degree from the University of London (Homepage) and an MSc Information Security with the same university. His MSc thesis (Book) received the 2012 SearchSecurity.co.UK award (Website).

One Response to “Maven – The system is out of resources – java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: PermGen space”


Flint
March 5, 2014 Reply

Thanks. It helped a lot

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